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25th September 2012 @ 04:31
Mnr: 41-50
Now that it looks like the formation of MNR46 is catalytic (Following the Cyclisation of KAB22-1 to MNR46 by LCMS - MNR46-8, MNR46-9, MNR46-10) it is worth while developing a reliable HPLC method to assay these experiments and calculate yields without the need of purification.

Using HPLC1 early runs showed that there was a significant error in varying the injection volume therefore it was necessary to maintain a constant injection volume. It was also shown that, although the peaks did not "top out" on these runs, peak area at higher concentrations was inaccurate thus requiring us to keep the injection mass below 2 ug.

PZQ calibration

Using the standard 0-100 over 30 mins method and 5 uL injections, PZQ solutions in MeCN showed a linear response with the R2 value of the calculated trend line being closer to one with data points below 2 ug of sample per injection.

pzq_plot.PNG

MNR46 calibration

Using the same method as above and 5 uL injections, MNR46 solutions in MeCN showed a linear response with the R2 value of the calculated trend line being closer to one with data points below 2 ug of sample per injection.

mnr46_plot.PNG

It's unsure if the point at 14 ug is an error or due to the detector maxing out but it has not been followed up as it has been shown else where that the most accurate readings come with injections containing less than 2 ug of material.

Test samples of MNR46 and PZQ

Using the above method samples or varrying concentrations of MNR46 were ran with a constant concentration of PZQ present in all the samples.

mnr46_with%20_PZQ_plot.PNG

The PZQ was expected to be horizontal but showed a linear response with increasing concentration of MNR46.

The gradient of the trend line is also 2,000,000 units out. Due to limited data, it is unsure at this point if this is within reasonable error or if this is another problem with the product/PZQ mixture

As this stands, this method has no value in following the formation of MNR46.
Attached Files
20th September 2012 @ 03:14
Sc: 1-10
Synthesis of SC4-1 and SC4-2 from SC2-1.

HIRAC


SC4 HIRAC.jpeg


Procedure followed:

The procedure was identical to that used for SC3-1 and SC3-1. Reactions were also performed on a 0.1 g scale.

SC1-1 (0.1023 g, 0.41 mmol) was reacted with acetyl chloride (0.05 mL, 0.61 mmol) in the presence of 2,6-lutidine (0.05 mL, 0.48 mmol) in acetonitrile (0.03 M, 13 mL), under argon gas and with stirring, to give SC4-1.
SC1-1 (0.0997 g, 0.40 mmol) was again reacted under the same conditions, with the addition of Yb(OTf)3 (0.0085 g/mL, 1.3 mL, 0.017 mmol) to give SC4-2.

SC4%20reaction%20image.png

reaction%20values.PNG

SC4 reaction.JPG


13th September 2012

TLC analysis showed that SC4-1 and SC4-2 reactions had progressed considerably after 40 minutes of reaction time. (See TLC below.)

14th September 2012

Stirring was ceased after 21 hr.
SC4 reaction progress.JPG


SC4-2 had partially crystallised overnight as there were visible particulates in the reaction mixture. SC4-1 remained in solution. Samples refrigerated over the weekend.

18th September 2012

Products were extracted in ethyl acetate (3 x 10mL) using sodium hydrogen carbonate, as done for SC3-1 and SC3-2. The products were obtained as white/light-brown solids. Crude yields are listed below. Residual lutidine is suspected; both solids exuded an aroma characteristic of lutidine.

Crude yield for SC4-1: 0.1199 g, 0.41 mmol, 100.2%
Crude yield for SC4-2: 0.1393 g, 0.48 mmol, 119.5%

19th September 2012

SC4-1 was purified using silica column chromatography using ethyl acetate/hexane eluent. TLC analysis showed a clean reaction mixture. No co-spotting was observed, unlike during the purification of both SC3-1 and SC3-2 reaction mixtures. Fractions 15-33 were collected.

TLC analysis of SC4-1 crude sample:
column purification fractions 1-20.JPG
column purification fractions 21-40.JPG


20th September 2012

SC4-2 was column purified. A single spot was observed, indicative of one product. Fractions 15-40 were collected.

TLC analysis of SC4-2 crude sample:
SC4-2 fractions 1-20.JPG
SC4-2 fractions 21-40.JPG


21st September 2012

Final yields for purified products were obtained.
SC4-1: 0.0581g, 0.20 mmol, 48.6%, m.p.
SC4-2: 0.0539g, 0.19 mmol, 46.2%, m.p.

27th September 2012
NMR analyses of SC4-1 and SC4-2 show that cyclisation has occurred.
Starting material (SC1-1):
SC1-1 1H-NMR.pdf.pdf

SC4-1:
SC4-1 column frac 15-33 1H-NMR.pdf.pdf

SC4-2:
SC4-2 column frac 15-40 1H-NMR.pdf.pdf


Attached Files
14th September 2012 @ 07:21
Mnr: 41-50
Aim repeat of the previous reaction but switching the temperatures.

MNR46-11, 10 mol% Yb at reflux
MNR46-11, stoichiometric Yb at room temperature

MNR46-1%20scheme.png
mnr46-11%20table.PNG

Hazard Assessment
HIRAC MNR41_47_48.pdf


Procedure
To a solution of KAB22-1 (1eq) in HPLC grade acetonitrile (0.03 M) under argon at 0 °C , was added was added acetyl chloride (1.8 eqs), lutidine (1.4 eqs) and Yb(OTf)3 (0.1-1 eqs). The reaction was then stirred at room temperature or at reflux and aliquots taken at noted time intervals for LC analysis.

Sample were taken up to 5 hours then the reaction were left overnight.

As shown in MNR46-10, both reactions showed decrease in product over time.

mnr46-11_plot.PNG

SANY0300.JPG


All reactions quenched on Friday afternoon and TLC only showed traces in 9 and 11. No product visible in reactions containing 100mol%
Attached Files
12th September 2012 @ 02:06
Mnr: 41-50
The aim over the next few reactions is to compare reaction rate, conversion and yield varying reaction temperature and Yb loading

MNR46-8, 10 mol% Yb at room temperature
MNR46-9, flasks were mixed up therefore ended up being a duplicate of
MNR46-10, stoichiometric Yb at reflux

MNR46-1%20scheme.png
mnr46-8%20table.PNG

Hazard Assessment
HIRAC MNR41_47_48.pdf


Procedure
To a solution of KAB22-1 (1eq) in HPLC grade acetonitrile (0.03 M) under argon at 0 °C , was added was added acetyl chloride (1.8 eqs), lutidine (1.4 eqs) and Yb(OTf)3 (01-1 eqs). The reaction was then stirred at room temperature or at reflux and aliquots taken at noted time intervals for LC analysis.

Sample were taken up to 5 hours then the reaction were left overnight.

Only MNR46-8 showed significant signs of product. Surprisingly, MNR46-10 showed signs of the product degrading over time (assuming the last data point is an outlier)

mnr46-8_plot.PNG

MNR46-8 was worked up after 48 hours.

The mixture was washed saturated sodium bicarbonate solution (10 mL) and the aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 × 15 mL). The organic fractions were combined, dried over MgSO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to yield a yellow oil, 0.329 g.

TLC in 50% EtOAC/Hex. Spot left to right, lutidine, KAB22-1, co-spot, worked up MNR46-8, co-spot, product (MNR46-4). Two spots were seen in the SM spot, this can be put down to some hydrolysis in the TLC spotter sample as it was a few weeks old. TLC also show complete consumption of SM to two new spots, them being desired product and hydrolysis products.

mnr46-8.JPG


Column in 40% EtOAc/Hexane

Frac 1-7 - mainly CHO, not as much amine, volatile?? 0.049 g

mnr46-8_frac1-7_1H.pdf
mnr46-8_frac1-7.zip


Frac 9-18 - product with unknown peak at 2.25. Product appears to come up as two conformers in a ration of 2:1. This is clearer in the 13C. 0.080 g, 0.27 mmol, 34 %

mnr46-8_frac9-18_1H.pdf

mnr46-8_frac9-18_13C.pdf
mnr46-8_frac9-18.zip


Conclusion

At 10 mol% the reaction IS catalytic, at room temperature the reaction takes about 2 days to go to completion.

The reaction using 1 eq of catalyst appears to have a negative effect of the progress of the reaction or it degrades the product. This needs looked into further.

-----------------------------

MNR46-9

quenched and worked up as normal but then volume reduced and washed with 10% citric acid.

SANY0301.JPG


one wash appeared to get rid of most of the lutidine, crude mass 0.190 g

running the crude down a column yielded product but upon standing the product hydrolysed back to aldehyde and amine. Yields and masses not calculated.

mnr46-9_overlay.pdf


see Re-synthesis of MNR46-13 for a fuller account and explanation.
Linked Posts
Attached Files
7th September 2012 @ 02:52
Mnr: 41-50
Attempts To Cyclise KAB22-1 using AcCl and AlCl3 as the lewis acid

Ref - NEW METHOD FOR SYNTHESIS OF 2-ACYL-1-ARYL-1,2,3,4-TETRAHYDROISOQUINOLINES
Author: MOLLOV, NM (MOLLOV, NM); VENKOV, AP (VENKOV, AP)
Source: SYNTHESIS-STUTTGART Issue: 1 Pages: 62-63 Published: 1978

MNR46-5%20scheme.png
mnr46-5%20table.PNG

Hazard Assessment
MNR46-5.pdf


Procedure
To a solution of KAB22-1 (1eq) in HPLC grade acetonitrile (0.03 M) under argon at 0 °C, was added was added acetyl chloride (1 eq), lutidine (1 eq) and AlCl3(0.1-2 eqs). The reaction was then stirred at room temperature (20 °C)

TLC after 2 hours

SANY0272.JPG


50% EtOAc/Hex. spots from left to right: Starting material, lutidine, 46-5, 46-6, 46-7, MNR46-4 (Product)

All three reactions look to be progressing to product but still SM in all three reactions. Also, there's an intense spot running lower on the TLC plate, unsure what this is, will need to keep an eye on this.

Reaction left to stir.

TLC on Monday morning

SANY0281.JPG


Look very similar to after 2 hours. There's doesn't appear to be any product in 46-7. All three to be worked up.
Attached Files